Saturday, October 3, 2015

Wondering Mindset and/or Asking Opinion ( -ㄹ까요?)

The -(으)ㄹ까? ending is used to indicate a speaker’s wondering mindset and/or to seek the listener’s opinion. To make the ending polite one can add 요 to the ending, as in -(으)ㄹ까요? The ending -(으)ㄹ까요? is a three form verb ending: -을까요? is used with the stem that ends in a consonant as in 먹을까요? and -ㄹ까요? is used with the stem that ends in a vowel as in 갈까요? With the ㄹ-irregular predicates, -까요? is used, as in 알까요? When the speaker is the subject, the -(으)ㄹ까요? ending expresses the speaker’s wondering mindset. Consider the following sentences.

Notice that the speaker is the subject of the sentence in the above examples. When the subject of the sentence is a third person, the -(으)ㄹ까요? ending is used to seek the listener’s opinion. Consider the following sentences:

The -(으)ㄹ까요? ending can be used for the past tense as well. Consider the following sentences:

The repeated use of -(으)ㄹ까요? can be used to express alternative questions. For instance, consider the following sentences:

Notice that while the predicate is used only once in English, the predicate is repeated in Korean. Meanwhile, when -(으)ㄹ까요? is used with other verbs such as 하다(do) and 생각하다(think), it expresses the speaker’s provisional idea regarding what she/he may do, corresponding to “I am thinking of doing something.” in English. Consider the following sentences:

* Click to read related posts.
Grammar for Intermediates
Endings of Sentences
The Deferential Speech Level
The Polite Speech Level
Question Words(의문사) & Indefinite Pronouns(부정대명사)
Irregular verbs and adjectives(불규칙동사와 형용사)

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