Thursday, August 13, 2015

The Special particle 「부터, 까지」

부터

The particle 부터(from) is used to indicate a beginning temporal point. Consider the following examples:


We learned that the particle 에 can be used after the time expression as well. However, as seen above, while the particle 에 simply means “at”, the particle 부터(from) indicates a starting temporal point.

까지

The particle 까지 indicates an ending point, and it corresponds to “to”, “up to”, “until” or “as far as” in English. When the particle is used with a place noun, it indicates an ending location, as in:


When the particle is used with a temporal noun, it indicates an ending temporal point, as in:


The particle 까지 can be used with a non-time and/or a non-place noun, such as persons, clothes, and so forth. When it is used with a non-place or a non-time noun, the particle 까지 means “including (even)”. Consider the following examples:


[starting]부터 [ending]까지

The particles 부터 and 까지 are often used together to express “from [time expression] to [time expression]”.


In a similar manner, the particles 에서 and 까지 frequently show up together to indicate “from [location] to [location]”.


* Click to read related posts.
Grammar for Beginners
Particles Part.1 (What are the particles in Korean)
Particles Part.2 (Case Particles)
Particles Part.3 (Special Particles)
The Special Particle 「은/는」
The Special Particle 「만」
The Special Particle 「도」
The Special Particle 「이나」

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