Saturday, August 8, 2015

The Special particle 「도」

The one-form special particle 도 adds the meaning of “also”, “too”, or “even” to the noun it attaches to. Just like the particle 만, the special particle 도 can appear in place of the case particles 이/가 or 을/를.

The particle 도 can also be attached to an existing case particle, such as 에 and 에서.

The particle 도 can appear after an adverb as well.

Koreans use the particle 도 when they list additional items. For instance, consider the following sentences:

Notice that the speaker lists “wine” as an additional item, by using the particle 도. Here is one more example:

Notice that the particle 도 also serves to add the additional activity 수영(swimming) to the first activity 요가(yoga).
Meanwhile, the particle 도 can also generate the emphatic meaning “even” to the noun it attaches to, as shown in the example below:

In negative sentences, the particle 도 is translated as “either”. Consider the following examples:

* Click to read related posts.
Grammar for Beginners
Particles Part.1 (What are the particles in Korean)
Particles Part.2 (Case Particles)
Particles Part.3 (Special Particles)
The Special Particle 「은/는」
The Special Particle 「만」
The Special Particle 「이나」
The Special Particle 「부터, 까지」

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